Kate’s project describes an Emergency Medicine Research (EMR) landscape which is punctuated by key research governance challenges. This shows the effect of EMR on how research governance developed, and the relation of these effects and developments. Being mindful of its normative and descriptive elements, this relation is analysed via a mechanism which illustrates potential dynamics of reasoning about, and between, research, governance requirements, and governance. When considered in light of the general nature of research governance (to be explicated by the project), this mechanism may have flaws (e.g. overreaction and inflexibility). Such flaws may explain problems with the authority of governance, and with how research like EMR is justified. The project will recommend reforms to governance (perhaps amounting to alternate models of research governance) which are suggested by the findings of the EMR case. These reforms may enhance the ethical justification of research governance.