Sharing individual-level data from clinical and public health research is increasingly being seen as a core requirement for effective and efficient biomedical research. This article discusses the results of a systematic review and multisite qualitative study of key stakeholders' perspectives on best practices in ethical data sharing in low- and middle-income settings. Our research suggests that for data sharing to be effective and sustainable, multiple social and ethical requirements need to be met. An effective model of data sharing will be one in which considered judgments will need to be made about how best to achieve scientific progress, minimize risks of harm, promote fairness and reciprocity, and build and sustain trust.

Original publication




Journal article


J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics

Publication Date





302 - 313


biomedical research ethics, clinical research, data release, data sharing, health policy, low-income countries, middle-income countries, privacy, research data, research governance, trust, Biomedical Research, Cooperative Behavior, Data Collection, Developing Countries, Humans, Income, Information Dissemination, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Public Health, Research Personnel, Residence Characteristics, Social Responsibility, Trust